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No relationship, no intercourse, no wedding, no young ones: Southern Korea’s growing movement that is feminist

No relationship, no intercourse, no wedding, no young ones: Southern Korea’s growing movement that is feminist


SEOUL – Bonnie Lee does not worry about locating a boyfriend or even a fairy-tale wedding, and certainly will determine her very own happily-ever-after: “I’m a straight woman who’s not any longer enthusiastic about having relationships with guys.”

She actually is not the only one.

A growing amount of South Korean women can be banding together to reject rigid patriarchal norms and vowing not to wed, have actually young ones as well as date and also have intercourse.

“I’ve constantly felt that as a lady there are many drawbacks than benefits to being hitched,” stated Lee, a 40-something expert who lives together with her dog near Seoul.

Now she’s got gone even more, adopting the nation’s radical movement that is feminist 4B, through the “four nos”: no relationship, no intercourse, no wedding with no child-rearing.

Wedding prices are plummeting in Southern Korea, where spouses in many cases are anticipated to work, raise children and look after aging in-laws with small community or state assistance.

“In the wedding market, your past life and work experience don’t matter,” explained Lee, who’s two master’s levels.

“For some absurd explanation, being very educated additionally becomes a minus point. What truly matters probably the most as a possible wife is whether or perhaps not you will be with the capacity of taking care of your spouse and in-laws,” she included.

She’s got witnessed friends that are well-educated obstacles at your workplace and experiencing issues in the home after having young ones.

Such problems would be the topic of a recent hit movie, “Kim Ji-young, Born 1982.”

According to a controversial feminist novel, it centers around a married South Korean woman who may have quit her job and struggles to boost limited support to her child.

Feminine watchers rated the movie the average 9.5 away from 10 movie movie movie stars regarding the South’s search engine that is top. Guys offered it 2.8.

An increasing number of women can be switching their backs in the conventional expectations of Southern Korea’s society that is male-dominated where working wives spend four times much longer on domestic chores than their husbands.

A decade ago, very nearly 47 per cent of solitary and never-married women that are korean they thought wedding had been necessary. This past year, that dropped to 22.4 %. The amount of couples getting hitched slumped to 257,600 — down from 434,900 in 1996.

4B members say the movement has at the least 4,000 supporters.

An independent YouTube that is feminist channel features communications of boycotting wedding and child-rearing has significantly more than 100,000 readers.

Lee in addition has used some principles of Escape the Corset, a motion against Southern Korea’s strict beauty requirements. Some adherents have actually provided viral videos of by by themselves smashing up their makeup collections.

The teams are growing against a backdrop of anger over Southern Korea’s spy-cam porn epidemic, whose victims are mostly females, and situations of intimate misconduct uncovered in the global #MeToo movement.

The ultimate straw for Lee came just last year whenever a modern male politician who utilized to proclaim himself a feminist had been convicted and imprisoned for raping an aide that is female.

Lee said: “I knew this culture is a method it marriage or dating — became meaningless to me. that I cannot accept as a woman, and from then any encounter with men — be”

Yoon Ji-hye, a 24-year-old youtuber, seems South Korean women can be usually likely to be “passive, childlike and bubbly,” in addition to appealing, become desirable.

She’s got completely embraced Escape the Corset, cropping her locks brief and going bare-faced, shunning the country’s booming beauty industry.

“I utilized to invest hours make-up that is mastering viewing YouTube videos, and invested about $200 on beauty items each month,” recalled Yoon, whom lives along with her moms and dads.

Her ex “preferredshe says” her with long hair and did not support her feminist inclinations.

Now additionally a 4b user, she doesn’t miss dating or sex: “There are also choices and how to please your self.”

Yoon is convinced many South men that are korean their 20s and 30s have actually watched spy-cam videos or revenge porn — footage released by male exes — one explanation she not any longer really wants to build relationships any one of them.

4B and Escape the Corset would be the most radical types of feminism the Southern has ever seen, in accordance with Shin Gi-wook, a sociologist at Stanford University.


“The four groups — wedding, motherhood, dating and intercourse — usually put ladies in subordinate position to men … and what exactly is represented in ‘corset’ is that are also similar women have to look specific how to please men,” he said.

The consequences danger reinforcing the united states’s looming demographic catastrophe.

South Korea’s fertility that is total — the amount of young ones a lady is anticipated to possess in her own lifetime — dropped to 0.98 in 2018, far underneath the 2.1 had a need to keep a populace stable.

The us government predicts the South’s 55 million populace will drop to 39 million by 2067, whenever half the world will likely be age 62 or older.

Authorities have now been wanting to market wedding by providing newlyweds housing advantages and mortgages that are low-interest.

But also for Lee, the long run is feminine.

She insisted, “My fantasy is always to build housing limited to ladies who want to never ever marry.”

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